About Professor Costello

Tony Costello is one of the leading prostate specialists in Australia.

Tony Costello is Professorial Fellow & Former Head Department of Urology, The Royal Melbourne Hospital, affiliated with Department of Surgery, University of Melbourne.

His private practice is conducted through Epworth Hospital Richmond campus and is primarily concerned with treatment of prostate cancer including robotic prostate surgery.

Tony pioneered robotic surgery in Australia. He now is into his seventh year of experience and at the Richmond campus, Epworth Hospital there have now been over 3,000 cases of robotic radical prostatectomy performed.

Prof Costello is an invited faculty member of the American Urological Association where annually he teaches aspects of robotic surgery to an international audience. He is also on the Editorial Board of the US publication Journal of Robotic Surgery, the British Journal of Urology and the Journal of Endourology.

Tony is the only Australian member of the American Association of Genitourinary Surgeons. The AAGUS is an Association of leading academic urologists from the United States, Canada and around the world dedicated to the study of diseases of the genitourinary system. Active membership is limited to 75 of the world’s most distinguished academic urological specialists.

Professor Costello on a Surgery


University of Melbourne

Medical School
University of Melbourne

St Vincent’s

Fellowship Training
MD Anderson Houston London Hospital

Published Works


1. D Murphy, M Kerger, H Crowe, JS Peters, AJ Costello. Operative details and medium-term oncological and functional outcome of robotic-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy: our first 400 cases with a minimum of 1 year follow-up. Under submission J Urol.

2. Murphy DG, Hall R, Tong R, Goel R, Costello AJ. Robotic technology in surgery: current status in 2008. ANZ J Surg. 2008 Dec;78(12):1076-81.

3. D Murphy, R Hall, R Tong, R Goel, AJ Costello. Robotic technology in surgery – current status in 2008. ANZ J Surg 2008. In press.

4. Costello AJ. Minimally invasive radical prostatectomy: Now safe and efficacious. ANZ J Surg. Vol. 74 (12): 1038. Dec 2004.

5. Corcoran NM, Najdovska M, Costello AJ. Inorganic selenium retards progression of experimental hormone refractory prostate cancer. J Urol. Vol 171: 907-910. Feb 2004.

6. Costello AJ, Haxhimolla H, Crowe H, Peters JS. Installation of telerobotic surgery and initial experience with telerobotic radical prostatectomy. B J Urol. 96, 34-38. July 2005.

7. Costello AJ. Beyond marketing: the real value of robotic radical prostatectomy. BJ Urol Int. 96(1):1-2. July 2005.

8. Costello AJ, Corcoran NM, Van Appledorn S. Revisiting the role of radical surgery in early stage prostate cancer. Med J Aust. Vol 183(6):286-7. Sept 2005.

9. Syme DBY, Corcoran NM, Bouchier-Hayes DM, Costello AJ. Hope springs eternal: cavernosal nerve regeneration. B J Urol. Jan 2006;97, 17-21.

10. O’Malley PJ, Van Appledorn S, Bouchier-Hayes DM, Crowe H, Costello AJ. Robotic radical prostatectomy in Australia: initial experience. World J Urol. Jun 2006;24(2):165-70.

11. Van Appledorn S, Bouchier-Hayes DM, Agarwal D, Costello AJ. Robotic laparoscopic radical prostatectomy: Setup and procedural techniques after 150 cases. Urol. Feb 2006;67(2):364-367.

12. AJ Costello. Potency following robotic radical prostatectomy: A questionnaire-based analysis of outcomes after conventional nerve-sparing and prostatic fascia sparing techniques. Editorial. J Urol. Jul 2006;176(1):412-3.

13. Khaira HS, Bruyere F, O’Malley PJ, Peters JS, Costello AJ. Does obesity influence the operative course or complications of robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy. BJU Int. Dec 2006;98(6):1275-8.

14. Syme DB, Corcoran NM, Bouchier-Hayes DM, Morrison WA, Costello AJ. The effect of androgen status on the structural and functional success of cavernous nerve grafting in an experimental rat model. J Urol. Jan 2007; 177(1):390-4.

15. Lavery H, Albala D, Ahlering T, Shalhav A, Lee D, Fagin R, Wiklund P, Dasgupta P, Costello A, Tewari A, Coughlin G, Patel V. Robotic equipment malfunction during robotic prostatectomy: A multi-institutional study. J Endourol Dec 2007.

Book Chapters

1. Costello AJ, Van Appledorn S. Complications of urologic robotic surgery and how to prevent them. Patel Springer 2007.

2. Eichel L, Costello AJ, Ahlering T. Robotic Nerve Sparing Prostatectomy for inclusion in Smith’s Textbook of Endourology. Smith Endourology 2006.

Clinical Results

As Australia’s leading academic urologist, Tony has always subjected the clinical outcomes of his work to peer-review and publication in the world’s leading urology journals. A full list of his publications is available here. Tony and his team have presented details of their work at scientific meetings all over the world.


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